Las Vegas was founded as a city on May 15, 1905, when 110 acres of land situated between Stewart Avenue on the north, Garces Avenue to the south, Main Street to the west, and Fifth Street (Las Vegas Boulevard) to the east, were auctioned off by the railroad company. The completion of the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad, linking Southern California with Salt Lake City, established Las Vegas as a railroad town. Read more
The majority of Nevadans are of European ancestry, more than four-fifths of whom were born in the United States. A small portion of Nevadans trace their ancestry to Basques recruited as sheepherders from their Pyrenean homeland. Hispanics, mainly of Mexican and Cuban origin, comprise about one-fourth of the state’s residents and are concentrated in the southeast.
Despite aridity and rugged terrain, Nevada shows considerable variety in vegetation. In the lower desert areas mesquite, creosote, greasewood, yucca, and more than 30 varieties of cacti abound, while sagebrush and Joshua trees flourish at the higher elevations.
Arts District / 18b